Basements can be a real asset to a home. They allow you to create a community space outside of your typical living room or outdoor spaces. They are great options for your laundry room or guest rooms. You can use them to entertain with a wet bar and an entertainment area.
On the flip side, they can have their nuances or weaknesses which are something to consider if you are going to have one built into your new construction home. take a look at the different types of basement constructions and how they differ from one another.
If you are trying to save a buck but still want to include a basement in your home, a concrete block or masonry construction is the least expensive. It can be done in less time too compared to other options. You’ll be working with cinder block walls with are hollow by nature but are much faster to build with. Then steel rebar would be used to reinforce them and make them stronger.
The downside to concrete block walls is that you’ll be more likely to see a water leak compared to other types of basements. Water can sometimes get through the mortar that’s holding the blocks together especially along the wall or floor joints.
Poured concrete basement
A popular basement option is the poured concrete basement. This is actually the most common type of basement build and the option that most prefer. While it takes longer than using concrete block, you’ll benefit from it having the best strength of all basement types.
It’s a simple and sturdy option that is done by pouring a footing for the foundation and then once it has set, forms are used to hold the poured concrete wall in place as they dry. Since the basement walls are much stronger, as a result, a water leak is really only possible at the joints between the walls and floors. Just watch out for cracks in the walls because that could allow leaks in as well.
Clay or stone tile
Another solution is what older homes and historical homes used which is stone and clay tile walls. These were used because there weren’t necessarily other materials available and this was a strong solution. The problem is that it wouldn’t be hard for water to seep through and cause water in your basement.
If you were to buy a home with this type of basement or build with it and let it age, it could end up with gaps and cracks that make it easy for water to get in. you can combat that with a perimeter drain system though.
Precast panel walls
Finally, there are precast panel walls in which your basement walls would be molded at another location and transported to your home. They would be brought over and placed on footers. While this is a strong option, it is less common than going with a poured or block basement.
This would save you money and time on the construction site though and many newer residential buildings are starting to utilize this more and more. You could see damage along the joint between the floor and walls if anything, but it’s a strong option and is made from a concrete mixture that is more water-resistant over time.
That’s a look at the different construction types of basements for you to consider if you are looking for extra space in the house, a home that will be a more attractive listing in the future, and a great space to entertain, cool off in the summer, or hideout during inclement weather.